Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Duality Makes The Man: What It Takes to Be Human in Frankenstein In her nineteenth century novel Frankenstein, Mary Shelley explores the characteristics of humanity, illuminates societal influences on development, and challenges the traditional biological definition of human through character developments and interactions. Particularly, she focuses on the characterization of the creature and his creator, pitting an ugly, malformed giant against an educated, dedicated scientist to establish a surprising conclusion. While the creature becomes fallen and corrupted through society, he retains the desire for companionship and emotional sensibility that he is born with; his duality makes him more human than Victor, who is born more monstrous.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Society does not only influence the creature subconsciously; through observation and imitation, the creature consciously learns and acquires the faults of humankind. For example, he Ã¢â¬Å"[learns] how to work mischief,Ã¢â¬ and he applies these tricks to scapegoat an innocent Justi ne (101). All in all, the creature embodies RousseauÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of natural man; he is born instinctive and oblivious, but through interactions with society, he becomes corrupted and Ã¢â¬Å"evil thenceforth [becomes] [his] goodÃ¢â¬ (159). Despite experiencing constant rejection by society, the creature persists in his efforts to seek out companionship; he retains the innate human characteristics he is born with. Victor awakens to the creature Ã¢â¬Å"mutter[ing] some inarticulate soundsÃ¢â¬ with Ã¢â¬Å"one hand stretch[ing] outÃ¢â¬ (36). Though Victor interprets this as the creatureÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to detain him, the creatureÃ¢â¬â¢s actions actually reflect an infantÃ¢â¬â¢s babbling and instinctive reaching out to parents for comfort. Thus, the creature is born with a desire for companionship, which Victor denies. However, the creatureÃ¢â¬â¢s longing persists; he demonstrates the hope for connecting with the De Laceys through language, looking forward to the day when he would Ã¢â¬Å"first win their favour, and afterwards their loveÃ¢â¬ (79). He experiences rejection again, but his yearning re-manifests uponShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Frankenstein By Mary Shelley Essay1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages2016 Frankenstein Literary Analysis Power is the ability to control something or someone into doing what is given. Knowledge is the understanding of an idea, but not yet following through with it. You can have knowledge without power but the two combined usually result in a better outcome. Victor creates a monster which goes on rampages after they go separate ways. Because Victor originally left it and never later took control of it, unfortunate consequences occurred. In Frankenstein, by Mary ShelleyRead MoreAnalysis Of Frankenstein By Mary Shelley1755 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesFrankenstein An Analysis of the use of knowledge In the novel Frankenstein by Marry Shelley, it is apparent that a lack of knowledge along with an abundance of knowledge can lead to the destruction of relationships that are ideal for a happy life. The theme of corruption through knowledge is a recurring literary device throughout the novel. This corruption compels the reader to question whether or not it is beneficial to have the vast amount of knowledge that Victor has. Knowledge is a powerfulRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein1411 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn the early 1800s Mary Shelley set pen to a paper and started to develop a novel that little to her knowledge would become world renowned. In 1818 she finished and published the novel to sell to the European public. The novel caught the world off guard in the way that a female was able to write about such harsh, dark, and evil things in a European society whose authors like John Locke and Charles Montesquieu preached enlightenment, self exploration, and individualism all in an optimistic enablingRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 1948 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThere are many critical analyses to Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein. Two of these analyses bring forth varied interpretations. Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Monstrous Eve.Ã¢â¬ Anne K. Mellor wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Possessing Nature: The Female in Frankenstein.Ã¢â¬ Gilbert and Gubar argue that Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein from the influence of her family in order to represent her personal life and life events. Mellor argues that the author wrote Frankenstein in order to represent many themes uponRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein1615 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesa whole and how accurate a depiction they might think it to be, they will miss out on many of the qualities of the painting that reside below the immediately apparent surface level. Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein is a text dedicated to expounding upon the dangers of such superficial analysis. In Frankenstein, Mary Shelley openly condemns the surface level and appearance oriented methodology under which the human mind operates. The very protagonist of the novel is inspired solely by reputation and howRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 1758 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesFrankenstein was published over 200 years ago. Ever since it was published, it has been one of the most famous books known to literature. History.com Staff states that this book, by 21-year-old Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, is frequently called the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first science fiction novel (History.com Staff). According to Wikipedia, Shelley was an English novelist. She was born August 30th, 1797. She died on February 1st, 1951 (Wikipedia). Shelley came up with the idea of Frankenstein as she andRead MoreAnalysis Of Prometheus And Frankenstein By Mary Shelley Essay1996 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPrometheus and Frankenstein both written in two different centuries I will show that our mentality hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t changes much in regards to monsters. While Prometheus and Frankenstein are, both consider monsters, Prometheus deals with trying to help humanity and Frankenstein deals with trying to find an understanding of why he was created. Both are considered monsters because of their actions. In the book Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, there is an article entitled Psychoanalytic Criticism and Frankenstein. In thisRead MoreAnalysis Of Frankenstein By Mary Shelley1372 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshumanity. Although not in the technological age, the characters in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, experience isolation due to bad choices or the opinions of society. Yet, the true evil in Frankenstein is not the characters, but isolation itself. When one is disengaged from family and society, egotism, violence, and revenge occur. Victor Frankenstein decides to abandon his family for six years in order to focus on his quest for glory. Frankenstein became focused on creating a scientific miracle that he isolatesRead MoreAnalysis Of Frankenstein By Mary Shelley1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn this sense, she was actually quite similar to FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s monster from the novel, Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley. The monster is brought to life by Victor Frankenstein only to be abandoned moments after his creation. Desperate to find companionship and make sense of the world, the monster ventures off on his own, only to be shunned by society because of Ã¢â¬Å"hideousÃ¢â¬ appearance and Ã¢â¬Å"giganticÃ¢â¬ stature (Shelley). Miserably alone in a cruel world, the monster extracts his revenge on his creator by killingRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein Essay2155 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesmain agenda could orchestrate catastrophic repercussions to the human populations. Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s work Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ although over two-hundred years old, remains at the pinnacle of irresponsible innovation that wreaks havoc to the human population. In the Ã¢â¬Å"Jurassic Park,Ã¢â¬ an aspect of mad science that deteriorates the stability of life is depicted. Both Michael ClintonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Jurassic ParkÃ¢â¬ and Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ extensively explore the role of man in maintaining and sustaining life. The two
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Macbeths Queen There are two main characters in William Shakespeares Macbeth, one of which is Lady Macbeth. Let us in this paper study her character in detail. Blanche Coles states in Shakespeares Four Giants evaluates the character of Lady Macbeth: A woman who could speak as Lady Macbeth does, who could call upon the spirits that tend on mortal thoughts to unsex her and fell her from head to foot full of direct cruelty, who could entreat these same spirits to stop all avenues of remorse so that no compunctions of conscience will interfere with the carrying out of her purpose, who could call upon the night to wrap itself in the murkiest, gloomiest smoke of hell in order to hide, even from the keen knifeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The passions are directed to their true end. Lady Macbeth is merely detested; and though the courage of Macbeth preserves some esteem, yet every reader rejoices at his fall. (133) L.C. Knights in the essay Macbeth describes the unnaturalness of Lady Macbeths words and actions: Thus the sense of the unnaturalness of evil is evoked not only be repeated explicit references (natures mischief, nature seems dead, Tis unnatural, even like the deed thats done, and so on) but by the expression of unnatural sentiments and an unnatural violence of tone in such things as Lady Macbeths invocation of the spirits who will unsex her, and her affirmation that she would murder the babe at her breast if she had sworn to do it. (95) In Macbeth as the Imitation of an Action Francis Fergusson specifies the fears within Lady Macbeth: I do not need to remind you of the great scenes preceding the murder, in which Macbeth and his Lady pull themselves together for their desperate effort. If you think over these scenes, you will notice that the Macbeths understand the action which begins here as a competition and a stunt, against reason and againstShow MoreRelatedWilliam Shakespeares Macbeth Essay757 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesShakespeares Macbeth Macbeth was a Ã¢â¬Å"butcherÃ¢â¬ , however he became that way as a result of Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth was a fiend-like queen whose evilness declined after the murders. In the end of the play, however, MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s transformation was complete and he was a butcher. Main Body Topic 1 ================= MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s transition from good to evil by Lady Macbeth: Ã · Ambition was his only reason for killing the king Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"I have no spur To prick the sidesRead MoreMacbeth And Lady Macbeth By William Shakespeare1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe two main characters, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. This husband and wife duo begins the play as polar opposites. Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s maliciousness and drive is clear to the audience the first time she steps on stage in Act One Scene Five. She continues on with these same characteristics, yet in the middle of the drama, there is a distinct change in her attitude and overall role as MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s wife. This switch in Lady Macbeth becomes more evident as the audience grows more aware of the large difference inRead MoreThe Butcher and His Fiend Like Queen in William Shakespeares Macbeth765 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Butcher and his Fiend like Queen in William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Macbeth Introduction At the end of William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Macbeth, Malcolm refers to Macbeth and Lady Macbeth as: This dead like butcher and his fiend like queen, when he was crowned as new king of Scotland. In MalcolmÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, the Macbeths are just that, cruel murderers who stole away the throne from him and his father. A butcher can be described as someone who kills, or have people killed unnecessarily or brutally. A fiend canRead MoreEssay on Macbeth: Lady Macbeth and Evil914 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmake her male. One of the most vivid descriptions of Lady Macbeths wickedness is directly after Macbeth announces to her he does not want to kill Duncan.This speech epitomizes Lady Macbeths evilness. She is ruthless, and her evil accounts for the murders that occur throughout the play Macbeth. Lady Macbeth is far more savage and ambitious than her husband, yet she convinces Macbeth to commit the murders that will make them king and queen. Macbeth is without his wifes cruel and uncompassionateRead MoreLady Macbeth And Lady Macbeth : How Crime Murders Relationships1544 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHow Crime Murders Relationships ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Macbeth follows the journey and downfall of the titular protagonist, and it illustrates the effects of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s descent into villainy on his once loving and close relationship with Lady Macbeth. As their initially mutually trusting and co-dependent relationship deteriorates through the progression of the three great crimes, Shakespeare demonstrates how murder can permanently destroy a person and their relationships. Leading up to the murder of DuncanRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Macbeth By William Shakespeare972 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprominent theme in the whole play is that of the Ã¢â¬Å"unsexingÃ¢â¬ of Lacy MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s character. Lady Macbeth wants to act in such a way that is not connected to her gender; we see this and how it relates to the plot and her part in both the rising action and climax in the book. Lady Macbeth tries very hard to unsex herself and yet in the end, she becomes the epitome of what women were seen as, weak and at fault. Shakes peare writes Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s character so that she is to blame for many things that happen andRead MoreEssay on Macbeth Issues867 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMacbeth, there are many issues that may have had an affect on the play. The complex marriage between the power hungry Macbeths, lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s dominant character directing Macbeth in the murders, the role reversal during the murders, MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s reaction to his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s death, and male and female marriages for authority. When analyzed these issues help describe the MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship. They are the very issues that eventually lead to the Ã¢â¬Å"Great TragedyÃ¢â¬ . The relationship of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth isRead MoreFeminism in Macbeth1712 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof Lady Macbeth, marriage is MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s big mistake. Lady Macbeth turns his courageous conquests on the fields of war into butchery. Mangled by the blood-spotted hands of his wife he becomes a traitor to himself, the people around him, and even her. In the beginning they both desire power and Lady Macbeths starts to put evil thoughts in her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s head. Eventually Macbeth turns into a guiltless monster, which ironically causes Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall. Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s life centers completely on herRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of Lady Macbeth1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHowever, this is not an accurate statement. Lady Macbeth does begin as an ambitious and callous fiend. Throughout the story, Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s character changes dramatically into a shell of her former self. Lady Macbeth character evolves from an ambitious villain, to a neutral entity, and finally to a remorseful, unstable person. In the beginning of the play, Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s character is established as strong, cruel, and ambitious. When the letter from her husband comes, she is already making a planRead MoreEssay On Greed In The Great Gatsby1101 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWilson demonstrates the deadly sin of greed through her affair and aspiration to acquire luxuries from Tom. In comparison, Lady Macbeth illustrates the deadly sin of greed through her strong desire to become Queen of Scotland. In the play Macbeth, Lady Macbeth learns of Macbeths prophecy through a letter that claims he will become King. Lady Macbeth states, Lady Macbeth: Hie thee hither, that I may pour my spirits in thine ear; and chastise with the valor of my tongue, all that impedes thee
Question: Discuss about the Empirical Business Ethics Research. Answer: When Good Results are Bad Results The reflection on the case of Professor Ballistico requires consideration of ethical dilemma. It can be observed that the professor is doubtful whether to publish his findings regarding the detrimental impacts of frozen food additives Longlife and Rotnever on human health. As per Blay et al, the dilemma is primarily due to the funding offered for the research by Foodcorp, the company which provided 2.3 million Euros to the BigCity University for institution of the Foodcorp center for food science where professor Ballistico serves as the director (Blay et al., 2016). Despite numerous revisions, the professor concluded that the efforts of the assistant researcher in the data analysis part are concrete and hence his dilemma proliferated. It is imperative that the professor has different options which could be evaluated and considered according to their feasibility. According to Crane Matten, the options which can be presently accessed by the professor include communication of the findings to Foodcorp or BigCity University, consideration of repeating the research activity and making the research findings public (Crane Matten, 2016). The ethical concerns of the professor would definitely indicate that publishing the findings would be the most feasible alternative in such scenario. However, the concerns of grants for future research must not be neglected by the professor since they are the prime sources of funds for the research center headed by professor Ballistico. On the contrary, DesJardins McCall said that if the findings are communicated to the president of the university then they are most likely to be turned down due to the inclinations towards a massive source of external funding (DesJardins McCall, 2014). From a critical perspective, the best course for professor Ballistico would be to inform Foodcorp about the research findings which could derive distinct courses of action for tackling with the issues evident in the research outcomes. Upon acquisition of information related to the long term impact of Longlife and Rotnever, Foodcorp could introduce changes in production of the two additives or publicly disclose the findings themselves as a sign of ethical responsibility for the society alongside a promise for resolving the setbacks. The case reflects on the proliferation of ethical dilemmas primarily due to the involvement of private organizations in formation of research centers which should have been undertaken by government. The involvement of private organization such as Foodcorp exerts influence on the freedom of researchers such as professor Ballistico to publish groundbreaking research outcomes (Freeman, 2014). The ethical concerns involved in the case also include the dependence on financial resources of corporate organization for research activities which is a formidable question on the credibility of research outcomes. Stuck in the middle The probable course of action from an ethical point of view that can be perceived from reflection in this case is the exchange of information with senior management and communicating the pitfalls in the existing operations of the organization to the senior management. Fernando Moore said that the senior management is primarily formed of the director of public works, CEO and the human resources director (Fernando Moore, 2015). The decision to implement services of internal staff for the completion of a project was rejected by the director of public works on the grounds of timely completion of the project. The assumption laid forward by the superior manager i.e. the director of public works depicted that contractors would be able to complete the project within the specific deadline. As a civil engineer, I could utilize my position to ensure a dialogue with the CEO, the human resources director and the director of public resources in a meeting to communicate my apprehensions related to job role. I have to report the inclusion of outside contractors in different tasks within the organization despite the availability of full staff complement and capabilities of existing staff to complete projects. As per Floyd et al, the feedback from supervisors pertaining to their negligence due to the assignment of significant projects to contractors could also serve as a potential document for the human resources director for identifying the probable causes for dissatisfaction among supervisors. The claims of the manager pertaining to rejection of my plan with validation of the CEO can be justified only if the CEO indicates reviewing the plan earlier (Floyd et al., 2013). According to Hoffman, Frederick Schwartz, I could describe the significance of quality over time in completion of the projects in order to satiate the ethical responsibility of fulfilling the needs of internal staff rather than emphasizing on external sources of productivity. The factors which can be considered as prominent influences on such decision were the personal traits of adhering to ethical behavior and perceiving information as a source for validating opinions (Hoffman, Frederick Schwartz, 2014). The role of authority can be perceived in the case study with the director of public works, human resources director and the CEO which suggests that moving to the higher level of authority in case of ethical dilemmas is plausible. As per Hartman et al, even though my manager, the director of public works, has potential authority to supervise and moderate plans and recommendations suggested by me as well other subordinates. However, the exertion of authority can be challenged in my position as the civil engineer (Hartman et al., 2014). Reflection on the case further indicates that any other individual in such ethical dilemma scenario would not prefer to make similar decision owing to the perception of closeness among the senior management members such as HR director, CEO and the director of public works. Producing toys-childs play The reflection on the case indicates potential ethical issues which are proliferated from inherent values. Personal values refer to the concerns for child labor and compassion. As a product manager, my gut reaction in such case would be to devise approaches needed for redirecting the profits acquired from the transition to the Thai supplier from the Portuguese supplier towards establishment of workshops and educational opportunities for children of the toy manufacturers. As per Jennings, the acceptance of norms of life in Thailand could be considered as validation for the practice of employing children in manufacturing toys in hazardous conditions (Jennings, 2014). Therefore the gut reaction to such scenarios would be vested in addressing the situation of child labor without compromising the organizations initiative to procure low cost supplies. It can be observed from the case study that the Thai manufacturer employs 30 men whose families assist in completion of the task of manufacturing toys in their homes without any manufacturing workshop. The time taken for completion of the task can be estimated to be almost 10 hours which could be strenuous for a single family thereby leading to employment of children in the jobs. According to May, Luth Schwoerer, the immediate decision as a product manager in such case would be to consult with the senior management on the issue and the potential impacts which association with the Thai manufacturer can inflict on the organizations reputation (May, Luth Schwoerer, 2014). The management has to consider the consequences of being related to a manufacturer producing toys through the employment of children which could be highly detrimental for the reputation of the organization. As per McMurrian Matulich, this may lead to ceasing of the agreement between me and the Thai manufacturer or consideration of revised conditions for the Thai manufacturer such as institution of a workshop for manufacturing toys and refraining from inclusion of children in any stage of manufacturing (McMurrian Matulich, 2016). The prominent reasons which could be estimated as influences on the decision taken by me would be vested in the inability of families to support the education of their children, institution of a work-life balance and acquire suitable opportunities for remuneration (Swanson Frederick, 2016). My inherent values of compassion and reasonability are assumed as formidable influences on the reasons. Another profound measure which could be implemented in such scenario is to refer the case of the Thai manufacturer to civilian authorities for protection of employment and child rights. Such initiatives have to be implemented in accordance with an ethical perspective since the Thai manufacturers trust on me while showing the manufacturing process must not be violated (Swanson Frederick, 2015). Off your face on Facebook The notable ethical issues which can be noticed in this case indicate the dilemma between academic qualification and social behavior. As per Swanson Frederick, the consideration of two candidates for the post of a new team member for assisting in clinical trials of a new pharmaceutical product of AllCure Pharmaceuticals has been subject to short listing of two female candidates who have adequate academic experience for the job (Swanson Frederick, 2015). However, the requirements of the job indicate primary requisites of a credible and efficient work schedule alongside the additional needs of social engagement skills in context of clinics, the different departments of the company and the approving authorities. Therefore social media has been assumed as a platform for evaluating the feasibility of each candidate in terms of the requirements for social interaction in the professional domain. As per Weiss, one of the candidates was found to be easily accessible on social media website such as Facebook while the other was very hard to locate (Weiss, 2014). The posts on Facebook of the first candidate were indicative of her sociable nature and her inclination towards travelling. On the other hand, West said that the second candidate was not easily accessible on Facebook and has maintained a socially constrained profile on the site which can be accessed only by friends. However, the images posted on her account in Facebook depict her taking her shirt off during parties, engaging in heavy alcohol consumption and in some cases she was also seen consuming illegal drugs (West, 2014). The ethical concern primarily arises in context of the superior performance of the second candidate as compared to the first candidate. The awarding of the job could not be solely judged on the basis of drinking or partying habits of the candidate or the restricted nature of her social interaction on social media websites such as Facebook. According to Stanwick Stanwick, it can be reflected that people with minimal involvement on social media platforms are capable of developing and sustaining prolific social behavior. However, the preferences of the second candidate for intake of illegal drugs can be a potential indicator of her existing or long term involvement in illegal activities (Stanwick Stanwick, 2013). Therefore, the plausible course of action in such scenario would be to hire the first candidate since her skills in the academic context can be improved through provision of opportunities for continuous learning in the workplace. As a human resource manager, it is justified to proceed with the hiring of the first candidate. However, the consideration of the use of Facebook by potential employers has to be moderated to a certain extent and the observation of images on social media cannot be assumed as completely reliable as they could be obtained from an earlier time. A fitting approach to shoe selling The arguments which can be placed for the actions of Lola can be indicative of the acquisition of revenue for the store without any prominent dissatisfaction for customers on account of Lolas lying. However, arguments against Lolas actions can be presented as indicators of long term consequences such as loss of customer loyalty and reduction in the levels of customer retention. Such practices followed by Lola are common in sales situation only with the detriments of improper perception by customers. Even if a salesperson has sold a product to a customer with slight modification of facts, the customer appreciates the former and in case they are able to find that they were lied to, then the chances of their repeated visit to the store can be limited. Customers appreciate sellers who adhere to business ethics in sales activities and in case of Lola, I would have thought that she is offering me the products which suit me the best while as a coworker I would refrain from activities ensued by Lola and I could also consider reporting the actions of Lola to senior management of the store (Jennings, 2014). The impact of the incentive scheme is considered as an underlying factor prompting Lola to substantiate sales despite the use of malicious efforts. Acquisition of commission on every sale alongside regular remunerations accounts for a formidable motivation for an individual to leverage their ethics for performance in the workplace (Hartman et al., 2014). As Lolas manager, my foremost initiative would be to inform her of the long term consequences of her activities on her professional career as well as the reputation of the store. Consulting with Lola on the positive aspects of her sales techniques such as creating sense of urgency among customers and providing suitable alternatives for clueless customers could be considered as reasonable improvements in her sales techniques. References Blay, A.D., Gooden, E.S., Mellon, M.J. and Stevens, D.E., 2016. The Usefulness of Social Norm Theory in Empirical Business Ethics Research: A Review and Suggestions for Future Research. Journal of Business Ethics, pp.1-16. Crane, A. and Matten, D., 2016. Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization. Oxford University Press. DesJardins, J.R. and McCall, J.J., 2014. Contemporary issues in business ethics. Cengage Learning. Freeman, R.E., 2014. Management Ethics: Placing Ethics at the Core of Good Management, by Domnec Mel. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012. ISBN: 978-0230246300. Business Ethics Quarterly, 24(01), pp.142-143. Fernando, M. and Moore, G., 2015. MacIntyrean virtue ethics in business: A cross-cultural comparison. Journal of business ethics, 132(1), pp.185-202. Floyd, L.A., Xu, F., Atkins, R. and Caldwell, C., 2013. Ethical outcomes and business ethics: Toward improving business ethics education. Journal of business ethics, 117(4), pp.753-776. Hoffman, W.M., Frederick, R.E. and Schwartz, M.S. eds., 2014. Business ethics: Readings and cases in corporate morality. John Wiley Sons. Hartman, L.P., DesJardins, J.R., MacDonald, C. and Hartman, L.P., 2014. Business ethics: Decision making for personal integrity and social responsibility. New York: McGraw-Hill. Jennings, M.M., 2014. Business ethics: Case studies and selected readings. Cengage Learning. May, D.R., Luth, M.T. and Schwoerer, C.E., 2014. The influence of business ethics education on moral efficacy, moral meaningfulness, and moral courage: A quasi-experimental study. Journal of Business Ethics, 124(1), pp.67-80. McMurrian, R.C. and Matulich, E., 2016. Building customer value and profitability with business ethics. Journal of Business Economics Research (Online), 14(3), p.83. Swanson, D.L. and Frederick, W.C., 2016. Denial and leadership in business ethics education. Business ethics: New challenges for business schools and corporate leaders, pp.222-240. Swanson, D.L. and Frederick, W.C., 2015. Are business schools silent partners in corporate crime?. Business, Capitalism and Corporate Citizenship: A Collection of Seminal Essays, p.74. Stanwick, P. and Stanwick, S.D., 2013. Understanding business ethics. Sage. Weiss, J.W., 2014. Business ethics: A stakeholder and issues management approach. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. West, A., 2014. Ubuntu and business ethics: Problems, perspectives and prospects. Journal of Business Ethics, 121(1), pp.47-61.
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
The Five Doctrinal Tenets Of Islam Final Graded Copy Grade: 95 The Five Doctrinal Tenets of Islam: Supporting Pillars for the Faithful The Five Doctrinal Tenets of Islam: Supporting Pillars for the Faithful I. Introduction to Islam A. Numbers in Islam B. The Prophet Muhammad and the Hadith II. The Five Pillars of Islam A. The Statement of Faith (Shahadah) B. The Establishment of Prayers (Salah) C. The Giving of Alms (Zakah) D. Fasting (Sawm) E. Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) III. The Effect of the Five Pillars on the Islamic Life The Five Doctrinal Tenets of Islam: Supporting Pillars for the Faithful Islam is, debatably, the fastest growing religion in the world today. At a level of 1.2 billion, they represent approximately 22% of the world's population. Moslems make up the second largest religion in the world, surpassed only to Christianity at 33%. This is according to the 1999 World Almanac and Book of Facts (724). What is Islam? Who is a Moslem? What do they believe? How does one become a Moslem? In 1964, Philip K. Hitti addressed the rapid emergence of Islam throughout the world in his writing History of the Arabs. In his book, he stated that ?every eighth person in our world today is a follower of Muhammad.? He continues to say ?The Moslem call to prayer rings out through most of the twenty-four hours of the day, encircling the large portion of the globe in its warm belt? (Hitti 3). Today, some thirty-six years later, Islam has become the place of comfort, peace, and faith for over one billion people. To have this type of growth there must be an underlying foundation to the movement. As any builder can attest, in order for a structure to maintain its integrity the support for that structure must be stabilized and strengthened. Within the holy writings of Islam the support and structure of the faithful is proclaimed. The concept of ?no deity except God? is always alive within the heart of a Moslem. They recognize that he alone is the Creator, the Provider and Sustainer, and the true Reality; the source of all things ? of all benefits and harm. This belief requires that He be worshipped and obeyed. In the Holy Koran, God has made obedience to the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad incumbent upon the all believers. The teachings of Prophet Muhammad are available today in the form of Hadith. Although Islamic faith and beliefs are vast, the establishing doctrine, i.e., foundation, for Islam remains to be the five pillars of faith. The first is a statement of faith, the subsequent four are major exercises of faith of which some are daily, some weekly, some monthly, some annually, and some are required as a minimum once in a lifetime. The Five Pillars of Islam These Five Pillars are the frameworks of a Muslim's life. At one time, when the Prophet Muhammad was asked to give a definition of Islam, he named the Five Pillars. In the Hadith, the collection of sayings of Muhammed, ?these exercises of faith are stated to serve man's spiritual purposes, satisfy his human needs, and to mark his whole life with a Divine touch? (Hadith Shih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 2, Number 7). The writings comprising the Hadith, while regarded as an excellent guide to living, are not regarded as having the same status as the Holy Koran (Qur'an). The major duties, nevertheless, in the life of a Moslem are to fulfill these Five Pillars. They are: 1. The Statement of Faith (Shahadah) 2. The Establishment of Prayers (Salah) 3. The Giving of Alms (Zakah) 4. Fasting (Sawm), and 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj). As distinct as the Ten Commandments are to members of the Christian and Judaic faiths, each of the Five Pillars are direct commands from Allah for his children. The first of these Pillars is: The Statement of Faith (Shahadah). Shahadah is the bearing of witness to Allah. This is a declaration of faith. In his declaration, a Muslim proclaims ?ASH-HADU ANLA ELAHA ILLA-ALLAH WA ASH-HADU ANNA MOHAMMADAN RASUL-ALLAH.? The English translation is ?I bear witness that there is no deity (none truly to be worshipped) but, Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.? The Shahadah is repeated at least on a daily basis. Having acknowledged this within his heart,
Monday, March 16, 2020
Muse Terpsichore Essays Muse Terpsichore Paper Muse Terpsichore Paper The other woman in Rhesos is the title characters mother, the Muse Terpsichore. She appears above the stage (deus ex machina) cradling her sons slain body and is beside herself with grief for her loss and blames Athene of betrayal as she and the other Muses and Phoebus trained Mousaios who was associated with Athene is some way.In Rhesos the female characters are not developed as fully as the male characters and the above written word probably add up to more words then both spoke in the play. However, the point is proved once again from this play that Euripides did not just create hateful women in some misogynistic way.In the Children of Heracles, Euripides creates a minor form of Polyxena in the character of the Maiden one of Heracles daughters. In other texts she is referred to as Macaria, hereafter know as the latter. Macaria dies for the good of others. She dies as a voluntary virginal sacrifice. If she hadnt the Athenians will lose a battle. Heracles family have come to Athens to seek sanctuary from the tyrannical Eurytheus that despite the fact that Heracles is dead at this point in time is still persecuting Heracles family. Demophon was the King of Athens at the time. She is another noble female character that Euripides has created.The other female character in The Children of Heracles is Heracles mother Alcmene. She is vengeful and wants the Athenians to kill Eurytheus. As a play, The Children of Heracles is not at all memorable and the two female characters aforementioned are equally forgettable with the parts they play in the action of the play. Macarias self sacrifice is not developed enough to have even a touch of the effect that Polyxenas had and Alcmenes character has too many weak lines for such a strong personality in all other texts she is mentioned. Still, Euripides handles their characters in the play very respectfully.In conclusion, along with the positively vicious characters such as Medea and Phaedra, Euripides has created noble and wonderful female characters such as Polyxena and Megara. He has also created complicated female characters such as Hecabe and Electra and memorable female characters such as Alcestis and Phaedras nurse. Euripides skills as a playwright are near perfect for getting an audience reaction whether its tears, shock, hatred or love for a character. He can never be described as a misogynist but should be complimented on the fact that he has been accused as one. For a playwright to create such characters that cause their audience to either love or hate the playwrights characters is positive accomplishment enough.
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Contract Law. Questions and Answers - Essay Example In such case the contract is void whether it is the non-existent subject matter of the agreement ( Res Extincta) or it is regarding the contract of purchase of own property(Res Sua) . The case of unilateral mistake is where only one party is mistaken. This can be by mistake as to the terms of the contract and also by the mistake as to the identity in which the first party thinks of the third party as the second party. Where the parties are inter prae sentes (face to face) there is a presumption that the mistaken party intends to deal with the other person who is physically present and identifiable by sight and sound, irrespective of the identity which one or other may assume. In the case of mutual mistakes where the parties misunderstand each other's intentions and are at cross purposes and if the transaction is totally ambiguous so that it can be assumed that there will be no consensus ad idem (agreement as to the same thing) and the contract will be void: Moreover mistake related to documents also leads the contract voidable. If writing contracts were costless, the parties would specify which of their beliefs were crucial to the agreement and condition performance of those beliefs, just as they would avoid all ambiguity in defining performance by including all details that might be relevant (1) Since reSince reading and writing contracts is costly, courts sometimes fill gaps in incomplete contracts by supplying the omitted terms, asking what the parties would have specified ex ante had the contract writing been costless. When beliefs are mistaken, the court might follow a similar rule, not by adding omitted terms (since the contract is unambiguous), but by modifying the contract to express the true intentions of the parties. or, the court could reform the contractual obligations by voiding the contract, leaving the reconstructing to the parties involved. Reforming or voiding contracts, however, goes beyond the gap-filling function in which courts customarily engage; it is an almost paternalistic change in the contract's express terms.In the same manner, the Court always tries to make distinction between incorrect belief and mistake to empty the concept of the mistake from its original meaning. In the opinion of the Court mutual mistake will be used to announce a decision not to enforce the promis
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
The Duality of Human Nature - Essay Example The Duality of Human Nature So manÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental nature must play a part in the duality of human nature. In the end, it comes down to the path an individual decides upon despite being influenced by society and manÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental nature. The Curious Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a perfect example of the duality of human nature. Many people have pondered why some people give into their evil nature, and others give in to their good nature. A reader might have the same question about Dr. Jekyll. Why did Dr. Jekyll give in to Mr. Hyde? A Cherokee legend gives the best answer: An old Cherokee is teaching his grandson about life. "A fight is going on inside me," he said to the boy. "It is a terrible fight and it is between two wolves. One is evil - he is anger, envy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego." He continued, "The other is good - he is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith. The same fight is going on inside you - and inside every other person, too." The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, "Which wolf will win?" The old Cherokee simply replied, "The one you feed." The answer is clear; Dr. Jekyll fed Mr. Hyde more than he fed Dr. Jekyll. Every time Dr. Jekyll drank the potion, he fed his evil side, or Mr. Hyde. The first time he drank the potion, Dr. Jekyll felt Ã¢â¬Å"at the first breath of this new life, to be more wicked, tenfold more wickedÃ¢â¬ .